CONTENIDO

Increased expression of SAMHD1 in a subset of HIV-1 elite controllers

25/07/2014

Riveira-Muñoz E, Ruiz A, Pauls E, Permanyer M, Badia R, Mothe B, Crespo M, Clotet B, Brander C, Ballana E, Esté JA. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2014 Jul 25. pii: dku276

Abstract

Objectives: SAMHD1 and the CDKN1A (p21) cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor have been postulated to mediate HIV-1 restriction in CD4+ cells. We have shown that p21 affects HIV replication through its effect on SAMHD1. Thus, we aimed at evaluating the expression of SAMHD1 and p21 in different HIV+ phenotypic groups.


Patients and methods: We evaluated SAMHD1 and CDKN1A mRNA expression in CD4+ T cells from HIV+ individuals including elite controllers (n = 12), individuals who control HIV without the need for antiretroviral treatment, viraemic progressors (n = 10) and HIV-1 seronegative healthy donors (n = 14). Immunological variables were measured by flow cytometry.


Results: We show that a subset of HIV+ elite controllers with lower T cell proliferation levels (Ki67+ cells) expressed higher SAMHD1 compared with healthy donors or viraemic progressors. Conversely, there was no difference in p21 expression before or after T cell activation with a bispecific CD3/CD8 antibody.


Conclusions: Our results suggest that SAMHD1 may play a role in controlling virus replication in HIV+ individuals and slow the rate of disease progression.

 

Read abstract online in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Riveira-Muñoz E, Ruiz A, Pauls E, Permanyer M, Badia R, Mothe B, Crespo M, Clotet B, Brander C, Ballana E, Esté JA
 

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Grupos de IrsiCaixa vinculados: Inmunidad Celular y Genética del huéspedPatogénesis del VIH